Streaks of light, trailing stars, smoothly swirling water, surreal color gradients and stretched wisps of cloud – all of these effects are possible using a long-duration shutter speed when taking a photograph. Long exposures are created by placing the camera on a tripod and leaving the camera’s shutter open for an extended period of time, which captures the stationary elements of the scene in sharp detail but blurs the elements that move.
STATIC by Maxxsmart
(image via: maxxsmart)
San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge is nearly swallowed up by incoming fog in this incredible long exposure shot captured by Flickr user ‘maxxsmart’, who says, “Though I had a chance to see about 10 strikes throughout the bay, this is the only image I came away with that featured the bridge, fog, lightning, and the bright glow of the moon. There is no digital trickery here…. What you see is what it was. The long exposure enabled me to capture two strikes, and the moon lit the fog blanket perfectly.”
Casa Loma by Paul Bica
(image via: paul dex)
The combination of infrared photography and a long expsure turned Toronto’s Casa Loma into an eerie sight in this daytime shot by Paul Bica.
Kundalini Bonfire by Dennis Calvert
(image via: dennis calvert)
Incredibly surreal, this long exposure photograph by Dennis Calvert also features a technique known a ‘light painting‘, in which artificial light is moved around in the scene during the exposure. An electrical wire taped to a stick, plus a flashlight, achieved this effect – without the need for any digital trickery.
Elakala Waterfalls Swirling Pool
(image via: wikimedia commons)
Water is a common subject for long-exposure photos because leaving the shutter open for a few seconds or even a few minutes highlights the water’s movement, giving it a misty quality. This 30-second shot blurred the waterfall in the background and captured an interesting spinning effect in the foreground as debris made lazy circles in a pool.
Dune Blazers by Alisdair Miller
(image via: 1x.com)
“This was shot just outside Dubai where people gather at the weekend and race up and down this massive dune named ‘Big Red'”, says photographer Alisdair Miller.
Traveling Stars by Dhilung Kirat
(images via: thedreamsky)
A long exposure can capture the movement of the stars in the sky, such as in this photograph of Kalinchowk in Nepal. Photographer Dhilung Kirat used light painting to make it seem as if the tower in the foreground is the source of the light.
Wheeeeeeeeeeeeeeel! by Guillame Vigoreaux
(image via: 1x.com)
A ferris wheel at a carnival becomes an abstracted shape in this long exposure photograph by Guillame Vigoreaux.
A Haunted Trail by Joshua Debner
(image via: jdebner)
The combination of clouds and stars moving across the sky, placed behind an abandoned home, make this photo by Joshua Debner extra-eerie. “This is around a 30 minute exposure stacked with 1 minute exposures. As you can see it was a little bit of a foggy/cloudy day, but I think it helped make the photo interesting.”
You’re My Boy Blue by Geraint Rowland
(image via: geezaweeza)
Another example of light painting achieves a memorable result with a long exposure and the movement of a flashlight around the scene.
Moonlight Shadow by Paul Bica
(image via: paul dex)
Paul Bica captures wispy-looking clouds as they move across the sky over the North Pacific at Kawailoa Beach in Hawaii.
Pigeon Point Lighthouse by Tyler Westcott
(image via: tylerwestcott.com)
The annual lighting of the Pigeon Point Lighthouse near San Francisco, California was augmented by a particularly foggy night. The individual beams of light cast from the lens stand out clearly in this two-minute exposure by Tyler Westcott.
Niagara Falls by John Ryan
(image via: insight imaging/john ryan)
“I am always looking for ways to shoot something different,” says photographer John Ryan, who took this shot of Niagara Falls. “I had seen so many shots of the falls from the same location, and all were pretty much the same. So going out at 2am, and catching the falls with no light, and pushing a 30sec exposure ending with the result.”
Fira by Night by Ben Heine
(image via: ben heine)
Though slightly digitally altered, this photograph gets most of its ambiance from a long exposure. The city of Fira, which is the capital of the Greek Aegean island Santorini, clings to the volcanic cliffs as stars twinkle in the background.
Fun in Amsterdam by Josef Stuefer
(image via: josef stuefer)
Clearly, carnivals – with their many moving, illuminated attractions – are an ideal subject for long-exposure photography. This one turns a ferris wheel in Amsterdam into an abstract starburst.
Bursting by Julie_Berlin
(image via: julie_berlin)
Colorful fireworks soaring into the sky become long trails of light in this award-winning photo by Flickr user Julie_Berlin.
S-Bend (II) by Te-Wei Liu
(image via: fjny)
Headlights and taillights are drawn out on a serpentine road, captured in Taiwan by Te-Wei Liu.
Untitled by Viernest
(image via: ernest)
An ordinary road suddenly seems like a futuristic Tron-like landscape when photographed in a long exposure from a moving vehicle.
Exploding Christmas Tree by Hartebeest Photography
(image via: hartebeest photography)
It takes a moment to realize that this strange image is actually that of lights on a Christmas tree.